History of the AARA

The founding of regional aerosol associations and the AARA (Asian Aerosol Research Assembly) was motivated by growing interests in aerosol science and technology in Asian region. Following JAAST (Japan Association of Aerosol Science and Technology) and IASTA (Indian Aerosol Science and Technology Association, new aerosol associations such as TAAR (Taiwan Association for Aerosol Research) and KAPAR (Korean association for particle and aerosol research) were founded in 1992 and 1994, respectively, after being encouraged by Professor David Y. H. Pui of University of Minnesota. In 1998 in the domestic JAAST (Japan Association of Aerosol Science and Technology) meeting, Professors Hitoshi Emi and Yasuo Kousaka from Japan, Professors Chiu-sen Wang and Chuen-Jinn Tsai from Taiwan, and Professors Kyoo-Won Lee and Sang-Soo Kim from Korea discussed about the idea of promoting aerosol science and technology in Asia by holding the Asian Aerosol Conference (AAC) every two years. Nagoya was decided to be the city for hosting the 1st AAC in 1999 when the AARA was officially established with the above four founding member associations. Later, Professor Kyoo-Won Lee was elected as the first AARA president and Pusan was decided to be the city for hosting the 2nd AAC in 2001 when the constitution of the AARA was drafted and finalized.

Now there are 7 member associations in the AARA after having been expanded to include TPTC (Thai Powder Technology Center), CSP (Chinese Society of Particuology), and CASANE (Clean Air Society of Australia and New Zealand). The main function of the AARA is to promote the advancement of aerosol science within countries in Asia, Australia and New Zealand, and eventually in all other South-Eastern Asian countries as well. The AARA organizes a high quality AAC biennially focusing on the fundamental research and application of aerosol science, industrial applications, air quality and climate change. There will also be presentations for the Asian Young Aerosol Scientist Award to recognize outstanding contributions by young aerosol scientists in Asian Countries, and Asian Aerosol Fellows to honor senior scientists with outstanding service to the AARA and significant contributions to the field aerosol science and technology.


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1 Formation


1.1 The Representative Independent Scientific Organisations, concerned with aerosol science, from Asian countries form this Assembly to promote collaboration in the field of aerosol research.


2 Name


2.1 The name of the organisation is the Asian Aerosol Research Assembly commonly referred to as AARA.


3 Objectives


3.1 To provide an international forum among Asian countries for the planning and organisation of the continuing series of the Asian Aerosol Conferences.


3.2 To award prizes and marks of recognition for exceptional performance in the field of aerosol research.


4 Membership


4.1 Membership of the Assembly is open to Representative Organisations of Asian countries that fulfil all the requirements listed under the heading "Addition of Members".


4.2 Each Representative Organisation will provide, and keep updated, a point of contact with whom the officers of AARA and other members may correspond.


5 Representation


5.1 Each Representative Organisation has the right to send two voting delegates to every meeting. The choice of delegates is the responsibility of the Organisation and delegates may be changed at any time.


6 Officers of the assembly, their terms and duties


6.1 The officers shall be a President, a Vice-president, and a Secretary. The officers do not have to bedelegates to the Assembly.


6.2 The term of office shall begin at the first assembly meeting held in conjunction with an Asian Aerosol Conference and shall extend until the first Assembly meeting held in conjunction with the next AsianAerosol Conference. However, no officer's term shall end before his or her successor has been elected.


6.3 The President shall preside at meetings of the Assembly, co-ordinate its activities, issue (through the Secretary) the call for meetings, advise and support the Vice-President in matters concerning the next Asian Aerosol Conference and represent the Assembly in its relationship with other organisations. He or she is empowered to establish such committees as may be necessary to the conduct of the business of the Assembly.


6.4 The Vice-President shall represent the Assembly in its relationship with the host country in the organisation of the upcoming Asian Conference. Whenever possible he or she shall be a member of the organisation hosting the conference. He or she will preside at Assembly meetings in the absence of the President. The Vice-President shall normally become President for the next term of office.


6.5 The Secretary shall be responsible for the permanent records of the Assembly. At the request of the President he or she shall issue the call for meetings and shall, in consultation with the other officers prepare the meeting agenda. He or she shall be responsible for keeping the minutes of the meetings and for conducting any formal votings by the Assembly between meetings. He or she shall keep the official list of Delegates and of the Representative Organisations entitled to Delegations, together with appropriate contact details of the Organisations. The Secretary shall set up and maintain a bank account to handle allfunds for which the Assembly is responsible. He or she shall arrange for the acceptance and banking of all funds and shall arrange payment of expenses and other disbursements specifically authorised by the Assembly. The Secretary  is normally selected as a person who can work closely with the President.


6.6 In the event of the resignation, incapacity or death of an Officer during his or her term, the remaining Officers shall name an appropriate qualified person to serve in the vacant office until the next meeting of the Assembly. Such a decision must be made within no more than one year from the vacancy occurring.



7 Delegates


7.1 The appointment of Delegates is the sole responsibility of the Organisation for which they are the representatives. Their period of office runs from the time that the Representative Organisation informs the Secretary of the Assembly of their names and contact details and continues until a replacement representative is named.


8 The Asian aerosol conference


8.1 The Assembly shall ensure that an Asian Aerosol Conference is arranged every two years unless special circumstances determine otherwise.


8.2 The Assembly shall invite applications from the Representative Organisations to host the conference and shall select the Host Organisation and venue at least two years before it is due to be held.


8.3 Representative Organisations bidding to host the Asian Conference shall prepare a proposal covering all substantial aspects of the conduct of the Conference and send the application to the President.



8.4 It is the responsibility of the Host Organisation to ensure that that the selection of papers for presentation at the Conference is based primarily on scientific merit but that, within that constraint, the conference provides the opportunity for all aspects of Aerosol Science to be addressed.


8.5 The official language of the Asian Aerosol Conference shall be English.  All abstracts and papers published or printed in conjunction with the Conference shall be in English although abstracts in other languages are acceptable if accompanied by an English translation.


8.6 Participation in the Asian Conference must be open to all those who wish to attend.


9 Addition of members


9.1 Those Asian countries with societies and institutions which, for a substantial period of time, have been making major written contributions to the scientific literature in the field of aerosol research, are encouraged to form Representative Organisations. Such Representative Organisations will be considered for membership upon submission of a written application to the President of the Assembly. To be eligible for voting membership a Representative Organisation must:


9.2 Be an independent scientific society committed to the support of research in the field of aerosol science.


9.3 Have held at least one meeting a year for the last three years.


9.4 Have a current membership of at least 30 members.


9.5 The Representative Organisation may be a national organisation or, if several countries wish to group together to meet the membership requirements, a regional or multi-national organisation.


9.6 The written application for membership shall clearly identify the Representative Organisation as to its name, its official address, any other societies and institutions it represents, the kind and number of its members, and the name of its chief executive officer. If possible the name(s) of the person(s) who will form the first delegation should be included. There may also be furnished such supporting evidence of its qualifications as a Representative Organisation as those preparing the application deem to be appropriate. The applicant shall supply any additional information requested by the Assembly.


9.7 Upon receipt of an adequate written application for membership, the President shall circulate the application to delegates and place it on the agenda for the next meeting. At that meeting the Assembly may vote immediately on the application or may appoint a review committee to report to the next meeting with a recommendation on the application.


10 Meetings


10.1 The Assembly shall meet whenever called by the President or by the joint decision of the Vice-President and the Secretary.


10.2 A quorum to transact business at an Assembly meeting shall consist of at least one Delegate from two thirds of the Representative Organisations.


10.3 Decisions should be valid only when more than half of valid votes are received.


10.4 Each Delegation shall have two votes in any actions of the Assembly. When the Delegation consists of two Delegates each shall have one vote. For meetings, a Representative Organisation may give written authorisation to an attending Delegate to cast a proxy vote for the absent Delegate.


10.5 If the President deems it desirable he or she may conduct formal Assembly business by mail, including actions on motions and resolutions, with the exception of voting on new members or changes to the Constitution.


11 Finaces


11.1 The primary means of providing finance for Assembly expenses is from awards made from the profits generated by the Asian Aerosol Conference. The amount of the award shall be agreed with the Host Organisation so that it can be included in the budget for the Conference.


11.2 The Assembly may request Representative Organisations to contribute funds to support specific initiatives or awards but may not require them to do so.


11.3 The Assembly shall not accept any financial responsibility for the Asian Aerosol Conference. This is to be entirely the responsibility of the Host Organisation.


11.4 The Assembly may use the funds it receives to pay expenses associated with the administration of the Assembly. It may also use them to finance awards and prizes, which have been agreed by the Assembly and budgeted for.


11.5 The Secretary shall present a financial report to each scheduled meeting of the Assembly.


12  Awards and prizes


12.1 The Assembly may agree to award recognition for achievements, in the field of aerosol science, in the name of the Assembly. These may be once-only, occasional or at a regular time interval. Whatever the type of award, an Award Committee shall be set up which will, in the first instance, submit the proposed rules for the Award to the Assembly for approval.


12.2 The Awards Committee shall issue a call for nominations from Representative Organisations at least six months prior to the date at which the Award is to be made. They shall then select the recipient(s) according to the agreed rules. The name(s) shall then be submitted to the President for endorsement.


12.3 The Secretary should prepare the Award that may have a monetary prize associated. Where Representative Organisations are providing financial support to the Award, the budget must be endorsed by all the contributors.


13 Amendment to the constitution


13.1 Notice of any proposed amendment or revision of the constitution must be made to Delegates at least onemonth before the meeting at which they are to be tabled.


13.2 Changes to the constitution, approved by the Assembly, will become effective when, and only when, ratified by two-thirds of the Representative National Organisations.

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